Eye injuries usually require some form of treatment. What type of treatment depends largely on the injury and its severity. To ensure you are prepared to handle the most common injuries experienced here is what you need to know.  

Corneal Abrasion

A corneal abrasion is essentially a scratched eye. The eye can be scratched through various methods, including by rubbing your eye after sand gets into it. Corneal abrasion can lead to light sensitivity, redness, and a risk of infection.

The first step in treating corneal abrasion is to not rub the eye. Rubbing your eye can only worsen the problem. You should instead keep your eye closed and see your optometrist. He or she can examine the eye and determine if further need for treatment is required. 

Chemical Burn

A chemical burn occurs when a substance, such as bleach, is splashed into your eyes. Chemical burns can possibly have a lasting impact on your vision, so it is important that you act immediately.

Before contacting your optometrist though, you need to allow lukewarm tap water to run into your eyes for a few minutes. The water helps to remove the substance and can prevent it from further damaging your eyes. After this, contact your optometrist and inform him or her of the injury. He or she will determine whether or not you need to be physically examined. 

Eye Bleeding

The sight of your eyes bleeding can be frightening, but in some instances, the injury looks worse than it actually is. Unless you have experienced some form of trauma, your eyes are most likely bleeding because a vessel is hemorrhaging. 

It is a fairly common occurrence that usually gets better over time without treatment. You should seek treatment though if the eye bleeding is accompanied by pain or vision loss. 

Objects in the Eye

In the event that a foreign object has penetrated your eye, you need to go to the emergency room immediately. Although you might be tempted, do not remove the object from your eye. While removing it, you could cause more damage to your eye. 

Try to keep the object as steady as possible while traveling to the emergency room. It can be safely removed once you are at the hospital. 

Consult with your optometrist (such as one from Dixie Ophthalmic Specialists at Zion Eye Institute) about any other injuries that you have experienced. He or she can advise you of whether or not in-office treatment is necessary and also give you pointers for handling your injury at home, if possible.